Sense 1972 from the time the first Stockholm’s tattoo studio was open in Aspudden by Ove Skog Alias known by the name Doc Forrest, the cultural reference books, professional journals, newspapers and magazines has recognized tattooing as a well-established art form that, over the last three decades, has undergone dramatic changes and have become a widespread craft and are a highly appreciated art form thanks to the high competence among tattoo artists.
The word tattoo is said to has two major derivations- from the Polynesian word ‘ta’ which means striking something and the Tahitian word ‘tatau’ which means ‘to mark something’, and is said that it come to Scandinavian around 1100 by the Vikings.
In the 1970s, artists trained in traditional fine art disciplines began to embrace tattooing and brought with them entirely new sorts of stylish imagery and technique. Advances in electric needle machines and pigments provided them with new ranges of color, delicacy of detail and aesthetic possibilities. The physical nature of many local tattooing establishments also changed as increasing numbers of operators adopted equipment and procedures resembling those of medical clinics.
The cultural status of tattooing has steadily evolved from that of an anti-social activity in the 1960s to that of a trendy fashion statement in the 1990s. First adopted and flaunted by influential rock stars like the Rolling Stones in the early 1970s, tattooing had, by the late 1980s, become accepted by ever broader segments of mainstream society. More recently with success of TV series such as Miami Ink and LA Ink, tattoos are routinely seen on rock stars, professional sports figures, ice skating champions, fashion models, movie stars and other public figures who play a significant role in setting the culture’s contemporary customs and behavior patterns.
During the last 10 years, two distinct classes of tattoo business have emerged. The first is the “tattoo parlor” that glories in a sense of urban outlaw culture; advertises itself with garish exterior signage; offers “pictures-off-the-wall” assembly-line service; and often operates with less than optimum sanitary procedures.
The second is the “tattoo art studio” that most frequently features custom, fine art design; the ambiance of an upscale beauty salon; marketing campaigns aimed at middle- and upper middle-class professionals; and “by-appointment” services only. Today’s fine art tattoo studio draws the same kind of clientele as a custom jewelry store, fashion boutique, or high-end antique shop.
The market demographics for tattoo services are now skewed heavily toward mainstream customers. Tattooing today is one of the fastest-growing retail businesses in Scandinavian. The single fastest growing demographic group seeking tattoo services is, to the surprise of many, middle-class suburban women.
Tattooing is recognized by government agencies as both an art form and a profession and tattoo-related art work is the subject of museum, gallery, educational institution and art shows across Scandinavian.